Robotic Surgery Procedures

Originally created with the intention to help in battlefield medical procedures, surgical robots have made their way to public and private hospitals worldwide. Just like other forms of minimally invasive surgical procedures, robotic surgery procedures involve a number of small cuts instead of a single huge incision. This is beneficial as it results in less pain and scarring as well as fast healing. Numerous types of operations form oral to rectal surgery can now be safely and effectively done with the help of robotic systems.

How It Works

In most robotic procedures, practitioners sit in front of a console and control the arms that hold the surgical equipment. These systems have an array of benefits over the conventional minimally invasive procedures that involve the use of a laparoscope which is a lighted camera. For example, a laparoscope gives 2D images, but systems are equipped with 3D cameras which ultimately make the procedure more accurate. Also, robotic tools are way smaller and move more freely. This makes it easier to navigate small and tight spaces. Robotic-assisted surgery is certainly changing many domains in health care.

Here are some examples of robotic surgery procedures:

Robotic Prostate Surgery

The surgical remove removal of the prostate gland is one of the most common treatments for prostate cancer. This is officially known as radical prostatectomy. People who undergo this procedure experience a painful operation, complete with a huge incision, lengthy recovery and a high possibility of post-surgery complications.

However, thanks to robotic systems, this sensitive procedure can be done in an easier and more precise manner. The practitioner controls the tools, some as small as the tip of a pencil, through tight spaces and tiny incisions in the body. These systems help protect and preserve the fragile nerves that surround the prostate gland. Ideally, it allows for quick recovery.

Gynecologic Surgery

Surgeons have been utilizing robots for female reproductive system surgery procedure since 2005. According to a recent study, the use of robotic systems in these procedures shorten hospital days in addition to a few other benefits. Examples of procedures in this area include:

1. Cystectomy

This is the removal of a cyst from the ovary. Some females face severe pain related to an ovarian cyst, which calls for surgical intervention. The use of robotic systems enables this intricate procedure to be conducted with minimal invasion. The use of robotic equipment gives the best chance of fertility preservation.

2. Unilateral Salpingo-Oophorectomy

During a hysterectomy, the surgeons may have to remove the ovaries or one of the Fallopian tubes. This depends on your age, condition among other factors. The removal of ovaries and the Fallopian tube is known as Salpingo-Oophorectomy. Doctors utilizing robotic equipment can do the operation with greater control and precision, thus reducing the risk and pain related to huge incisions. At the same time, it increases the likely hood of excellent outcomes with fast recovery.

3. Vaginal Vault Prolapse

For most women, surgery is usually the best option to repair vaginal vault prolapse. This procedure is ideally known as sacrocolpopexy. A surgical mesh is utilized to hold the affected organ in the ideal anatomical place. Sacrocolpopexy can ideally be done after a hysterectomy with an aim to treat uterine prolapse. The practitioner will do a physical exam in order to determine the best method to repair the condition. If they recommend surgery, then you may be a candidate for sacrocolpopexy. Availing state of the art equipment, the procedure only requires small incisions, enabling you to get back to your normal life faster.

Colorectal Surgery

Surgery can assist people with conditions in the colon and rectum including haemorrhoids, inflammatory bowel disease, and colorectal cancer. This type of treatment proves especially valuable for rectal operations that are done within tight confines. If the procedure involves bigger sections of the colon, the surgeon may utilize robotics for one section. That is because the system works in just a single small region at a time and it’s hard to reposition.

Cholecystectomy

With the help of a robotic arm, the practitioner performs Cholecystectomy, ideally known as single-site gallbladder surgery. The surgeon creates a small incision in the patient’s belly button. Those who choose singe-site tech usually face a scar-free procedure with a short recovery period.

Heart Surgery

Robots have helped in an array of cardiovascular conditions since the late 90’s including blood vessel diseases, heart defects as well as aneurysms. The steady arms of robotic systems help the surgeons maneuver small and narrow blood vessels with less damage. Also, the system acts as a stable platform in procedures that involve implantation like stent or catheter. This improves accuracy and reduces the amount of imaging needed in advance. This reduces the patient’s exposure to radiation.

Another great thing about robotics for heart surgery is that it calls for just a few small incisions and so, the patient can be back to life quicker compared to other procedures that need a strenotomy or an incision of 6 to 8 inches in the chest.

Gastrointestinal Surgery

This was one of the first procedures to be done with the help of a laparoscope. However, today, it is performed with robotic help. Robotic systems can help practitioners working on patients with gastrointestinal cancers cut off tumors, remove lymph nodes and even reconstruct tissues and organs. Ultimately, this could allow people with advanced gastrointestinal cancer experience minimally invasive surgery. However, doctors do not currently know whether this would improve people’s health in the long haul.

Transoral Surgery

Practitioners usually have a hard time reaching some sections of the mouth and throat with conventional minimally invasive methods. However, the smaller and more flexible robotic systems can help. The system helps the surgeons to gain better access to the tight confines of the throat when it comes to the removal of benign lesions, lingual obstructions and cancers. The robotic-assisted surgical technique allows the removal of these obstructions and cancer lesions without creating incisions from the outer region of the neck. Visualization with endoscopic high definition video equipment easily outperforms the conventional techniques like TransOral Microsurgery. This is one of the most innovative robotic procedures out there. Patients get to benefit by experiencing easier and quicker recovery as well as a reduced risk on long-term swallowing issues.